It is likely that many of us have come across the term 'Karat' in relation to gold. It is often mistaken as a unit of weight but it refers to the percentage of pure gold within an article. Since pure gold is too soft to make exquisite jewellery, it is mixed with other metals /alloys, such as silver, copper, or zinc. Pure gold is 24 karats. A unit karat of gold is equal to 1/24 part (4.1667%). The gold karat shows how many parts of gold and how many parts of other metals are there in the gold jewellery.


A diamond (from the ancient Greek ἀδάμας – adámas, meaning "unbreakable," proper” or "unalterable") is one of the best-known and most sought-after gemstones. Diamonds have been known to mankind and used as decorative items since ancient times; some of the earliest references can be traced to India.

The hardness of diamond and its high dispersion of light – giving the diamond its characteristic "fire" – makes it useful for industrial applications and desirable as jewellery. Diamonds are such a highly traded commodity that multiple organizations have been created for grading and certifying them based on the four Cs, which are Colour, Cut, Clarity, and Carat. Other characteristics, such as presence or lack of fluorescence, also affect the desirability and thus the value of a diamond used for jewellery.


Navaratna (Sanskrit: नवरत्न) is a Sanskrit compound word meaning "nine gems". Jewelry created in this style has important cultural significance in Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism, among other religions. The Navarathnas are:

  1. Ruby for Surya (Sun),
  2. Pearl for Chandra (Moon),
  3. Red Coral for Mangala (Mars),
  4. Emerald for Budha (Mercury),
  5. Yellow sapphire for Bṛhaspati (Jupiter),
  6. Diamond for Shukra (Venus),
  7. Blue sapphire for Shani (Saturn),
  8. Hessonite for Rahu (the ascending node of the Moon)
  9. Cat's Eye for Ketu (the descending node of the Moon)

Jewellery care

How to maintain jewellery?

Ideally you should take jewellery pieces to a jeweller annually to have them checked for loose parts. And while you’re there, get them steamed and buffed until they’re super shiny.

How to store Jewellery?

If you're not wearing your diamond jewellery for any length of time, store it in a jewellery box, keeping it apart from other jewellery. It is vital that every piece of jewellery has its own place, to prevent your diamond or its settings from being scratched, and to prevent it from damaging other jewellery pieces.

Store in a secure container with a fabric lining and cotton pads. This will help to minimize movement or hitting the sides of the storage container.

Another way to store your diamond jewellery is in boxes with compartments or in separate zipper pouches.

Your jewellery should be the last thing you put on in the morning and the first thing you take off at night. That way, your necklace won’t get spritzed with perfume and your earrings won’t get caught in your clothes.

How to clean jewellery?

1. Soak jewellery in soap solution

Add a few drops of mild dishwashing liquid to a bowl filled with two cups of warm water. Drop your gold pieces into the solution and let them soak for about 15 minutes.

2. Scrub the dirt away

Lift a piece of jewellery out of the solution and gently scrub it with a soft-bristle toothbrush to remove any dirt lodged in nooks and crannies.

3. Rinse in warm water

Swish the piece around in a bowl of warm water to remove the soapy residue.

4. Blot dry with a soft cloth

Using a soft cloth, dry your jewellery thoroughly and buff it a little to bring back the shine.